Restoring to right order, or restoring the good.
Lex Talionis, or an 'eye for an eye' from the biblical tradition of Mosaic Law, appeals to this restoration of the good.
Retribution does not mean vindication or revenge.
After an evil action, there should be a restoration of balance and order in society.
~ Restitution to the victim may be required of the criminal who steals, for example.
~ These actions are sinful in nature